Sigma-Aldrich Online Catalog Product List: Biocompatible Metals Biocompatible implants are typically made up of metallic, ceramic, composite and polymers. The present paper specifically focuses on biocompatible metals which favorably used as implants such as 316L stainless steel, cobalt-chromium-molybdenum, pure titanium and titanium-based alloys Other metals, including magnesium (Mg) alloys that can resorb in a controlled and safe fashion, are also being studied as a means of providing skeletal fixation and to avoid long term stress shielding and stress concentrations. The metallurgy needed to form these alloys into biocompatible materials that can be fabricated (molten, solid ingots, or powders for 3D printing), especially if patient.
Some of the most commonly-used biocompatible materials (or biomaterials) are polymers due to their inherent flexibility and tunable mechanical properties Important considerations on biocompatible metals 2.1. Biocompatibility of alloy. A biomaterial is intended to be applied in close connection with live tissue; therefore,... 2.2. Corrosion resistance of implant materials. Based on the research by Singh and Dahotre , the selection of... 2.3. Wear. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit biocompatible metal - Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen
This report forecasts US biocompatible metal demand in US dollars at the manufacturers' level to 2018. Total demand is segmented by material in terms of precious metals, stainless steel, titanium, and other metals. Total demand is also segmented by application as follows: dental products and materials, surgical appliances and supplies, surgical and medical instruments, and electromedical. three main types of biocompatible metal, namely, stainless steels, cobalt-chromium alloys, and titanium and its alloys. The corrosion resistance of each alloy is in focus
This paper reviews the applications of three main types of biocompatible metal, namely, stainless steels, cobalt-chromium alloys, and titanium and its alloys. The corrosion resistance of each alloy is in focus. It can be confidently declared that biocompatible metals will continue to be used as biomaterials in the future with further improvements and new revolutionary bio-functionalities in the use of metals Biocompatible materials can be classified into polymers, metals, composites, and ceramics that can be used individually or together to create implants for the biocompatible materials market... Metal implants containing a combination of biocompatible metals or used in conjunction with other biomaterials are often considered the standard for many implant types. Passivation is a process that removes corrosive implant elements from the implant-body interface and creates an oxide layer on the surface of the implant. The process is important for making biomaterials more biocompatible. Biocompatible metals have been suggested as revolutionary biomaterials for bone-grafting therapies. Although metals and their alloys are widely and successfully used in producing biomedical implants due to their good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance, they have a lack in bioactivity
Biocompatibility. Titanium is considered the most biocompatible metal due to its resistance to corrosion from bodily fluids, bio-inertness, capacity for osseointegration, and high fatigue limit. Titanium's ability to withstand the harsh bodily environment is a result of the protective oxide film that forms naturally in the presence of oxygen Amelioration of contaminated soil by plant bioaccumulation is an important strategy to protect the soil environment. Ageratum conyzoides is a common weed species that can grow easily in any contaminating site and bioaccumulate heavy metals present in the e-waste dumping/recycling sites as a natural scavenger among biocompatible metals as high strength, lightweight, and shape memory advantages promote their expanding use in cardiac, orthopedic, and dental implants. Competition from alternative polymer materials will limit revenues from other biocompatible metals, includ-ing precious metals and stainless steel. Natural polymers to outpace synthetic type
Ti metal also possesses good chemical stability and is biocompatible due to the passive oxide layer of titanium dioxide (TiO 2) formed on its surface. The naturally formed titanium dioxide layer is a few nanometers thick (2-6 nm) and is responsible for its chemical stability and biocompatibility. It is known that titanium will naturally form an oxide layer when expose to air and water. The function of the passive oxide layer is to eliminate releasing of metal ions into the human body to. Generally, first-transition-row divalent metal ions such as Co (II), Ni (II), Cu (II) and Zn (II) have been utilized as metal sources of PCPs. On the other hand, Group II metal ions, Mg (II) and Ca..
Übersetzung im Kontext von biocompatible metal in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The assembly of claim 6, wherein the coil (28) is made of radiopaque biocompatible metal capsulating metal-free organic phosphor, (4,7-dibromo-5, 6-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)benzo[c][1,2,5] thiadiazole, DBCz-BT) with biocompatible amphiphilic copolymers by a top-down method . The energy transfer between the triplet state of the PNPs and the molecular oxygen in the air (triplet state) could result in the production of 1O 2 tha • Biocompatible Metals • Biocompatible Ceramic • Others. Based on Materials Type, the market is bifurcated into Synthetic Polymers, Natural Polymers, Biocompatible Metals, Biocompatible Ceramic, and Others. The synthetic polymer segment is estimated to witness the highest CAGR for the forecast period. The factors that can be attributed to the use in orthopedic & dental implants, hearing. Our comprehensive portfolio of biocompatible materials and bioinks for 3D bioprinting and tissue engineering applications are optimized for high printing fidelity, cell viability and batch-to-batch reproducibility
• A biocompatible chemical composition to avoid adverse tissue reactions • Excellent resistance to degradation (e.g., cor-rosion resistance for metals or resistance to biological degradation in polymers) • Acceptable strength to sustain cyclic loading endured by the joint • A low modulus to minimize bone resorption • High wear resistance to minimize wear-debris generation Uses for. .com; Global Dental 3D Printing Market by Product (Material [Plastic, Metal. Our factories are fully ISO 9001 certified and all biocompatible materials are ROHS, REACH, and FDA compliant. ••• •• • All AXIS Adhesives tested to ISO 10993-5 biotoxicity standard. The information contained here is provided for product selection purposes only and is not to be considered specification or performance data. Under no circumstance will the seller be liable for any. Biocompatible. Meets USP Class VI test specification. Impressive resistance to chemical sterilants including ethylene oxide, bleach, glutaraldehyde, hydrogen peroxide based systems and paracetic acid type compounds. High bond strength. Electrical insulator. Fast curing. Quick handling time. Service temperature range -60°F to +250°F Metal detectable plastics; Plastics for aerospace industry. FAR 25.853 tested; PEEK tubes; Contact us; Technical application service; Frequently asked questions ; Part calculations; Seminars; Biocompatible plastic material. By definition, semi finished products are not medical or pharmaceutical products, but pre-products used for their production. As there is consequently no standardised.
with bone growth, and strong and flexible, titanium is the most biocompatible of all metals. Titanium was first used in surgery in the 1950's and in dentistry a decade earlier, and is now extensively and routinely accepted by medical professionals as the material of choice for prosthetics, internal fixation, inner body devices and instrumentation. With the significant benefits titanium. implants or prostheses with long-term consistency made from a biocompatible metal. This paper discusses the use of Selective Laser Melting (SLM) as RM technique for medical applications. SLM is a layer-wise material addition technique that allows generating complex 3D parts by selectively melting successive layers of metal powder on top of each other, using the thermal energy supplied by a. Corrosion prevention in biomaterials has become crucial particularly to overcome inflammation and allergic reactions caused by the biomaterials' implants towards the human body. When these metal implants contacted with fluidic environments such as bloodstream and
The noble metals are a subset of the metals, but the membership in the group is not well-defined. The strictest definition of a noble metal is metal with a filled electron d-band. According to this definition, gold, silver, and copper are noble metals. Another definition of a noble metal is one which resists oxidation and corrosion Titanium is considered the most biocompatible metal - not harmful or toxic to living tissue - due to its resistance to corrosion from bodily fluids. This ability to withstand the harsh bodily.
Here, a new conductive nanocomposite is reported by mixing the 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) modified liquid metal (LM) nanoparticles with polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-polystyrene (SBS), which is biocompatible (in vivo and in vitro), conductive (12 000 S cm −1 of conductivity), and stretchable (800% of elongation). Apart from its good performance, this material can be produced on. Titanium metal is used in different industries including the automotive, aerospace and architectural worlds. For more information, call us at 8053882138. Supra Alloys Inc. - machining titanium . Call Toll Free: 1.888.647.8772; Fax: 1.805.669.3052; Home; About us. Titanium Specialists Quality News and Events Literature. Products. Stocklist Products & Applications Rod, Bar and Wire Tubing Sheet. The ME-92® Caoting is a precise, biocompatible, pure, metallic chromium coating designed for the medical industry. The coating is completely inert, non-magnetic, USP Class VI, Tripartite/ISO and Anti-Microbial. The coating not only improves the physical appearance of medical instruments but, more importantly, provides functional enhancements and longevity to their performance These materials are gaining preference over metals and bio-inks attributing to their cheaper price point and biocompatible, biodegradable, and easily moldable nature. Among application segments, tissue engineering is likely to develop a lucrative area for biocompatible material manufacturers on the back of a large number of tissue and organ failure cases, congenital disabilities, accidents. Furthermore, disintegrable and biocompatible pseudo-complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) flexible circuits are demonstrated. These flexible circuits are ultrathin (<1 μm) and ultralightweight (∼2 g/m 2 ) with low operating voltage (4 V), yielding potential applications of these disintegrable semiconducting polymers in low-cost, biocompatible, and ultralightweight transient.
Here, we report a new type of highly permeable superelastic conductor that we call a 'liquid-metal fibre mat' (LMFM), which enables the fabrication of biocompatible and multifunctional. biocompatible material: ( bīō-kŏm-pati-bĕl mă-tērē-ăl ) Substance that elicits no unfavorable reaction from tissues Biocompatible MED610 creates rigid, transparent parts such as surgical guides for dental implant or orthopedic procedures. 3. Biocompatible VeroGlaze MED620, for dental customers, is an opaque rigid material for accurate models and try-ins. Improve efficiency - load all three materials together. Users of Stratasys dental multi-material printers can load all three materials simultaneously. Many translated example sentences containing biocompatible metal - German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations Biocompatible YMC-Triart metal-free www.ymc.de The Selectivity Company Excellent peak shapes Highly sensitive LC-MS No carry-over Reproducible results Oligonucleotides Peptides/Proteins Metal-coordinating compounds. Page 2/8 Inert columns for bio separations and coordinating compounds The Selectivity Company Specifications YMC-Triart C18, C18 ExRS, Bio C18, C8, Bio C4, Phenyl, PFP, Diol-HILIC.
. 43 Here, through combined experimental and computational analyses we demonstrate that MOF-801, as well as the related biocompatible mesaconate-based framework Zr-mes 44,45 and itaconate-based framework. Titanium: Titanium is the leader when it comes to biocompatible metals. It is used for pacemakers, replacement joints, dental implants, and more. PC-ISO: This is a biocompatible polycarbonate that.
Boston University Libraries. Services . Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . Social. Mai E-MFP (Metal Free Partial) is a revolutionary dental material able to be used in the production of ready-to-use partial denture. No need for casting and assembling, dental professionals will be able to create the entire partial, including the framework and built-in teeth in a biocompatible 3D printing material with incredible strength and flexibility Mechanically Strong, Electrically Conductive, and Biocompatible Graphene Paper † Haiqun Chen , ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science, Intelligent Polymer Research Institute, University of Wollongong Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia Biocompatible Dental Materials. Dr. Carey O'Rielly's study of the bio-compatibility of dental materials for the last 20 years is integral to his approach in practicing dentistry. Dr O has spent years working with immune sensitive patients, and has studied literally hundreds of blood tests from Clifford Labs to find the most durable, safest.
. Richard Fischer at Evergreen Dental Wellness in Annandale, VA - 703-215-9630 Due to its long experience on thin film deposition of metals, isolators and polymers, Fraunhofer ENAS is confident to manage today's and tomorrow's challenges in biological packaging and integration. Means of Biocompatible packaging. Reliable suppression of pathological interaction between organic and artificial system; Adaption of the technical system to the human body environment. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have proven to be a promising class of drug carriers due to their high porosity, crystalline properties with defined structure information, and abundant surface chemistry for further functionalization. However, there has not been extensive research on MOF-based drug carriers with stimuli-responsive, dual-drug delivery, and tumor targeting functions
Furthermore, this class of catalysts afforded from biocompatible metals is very effective at producing diblock copolymer from trimethylene carbonate and lactides. Kinetic studies of the copolymerization of trimethylene carbonate and l-lactide are presented as a function of the feed ratio of the two cyclic monomers. Supporting Information . ARTICLE SECTIONS. Jump To. Experimental details for. . Importantly, this includes PEEK-lined columns, because columns are the single largest contributor of metal to the flow path. Confidently Measure the Efficacy and . Stability of Your Therapeutic Proteins . with Agilent Consumables and . InfinityLab Instruments. See ordering. Biocompatible metals have been revolutionizing the biomedical field, predominantly in human implant applications, where these metals widely used as a substitute to or as function restoration of degenerated tissues or organs. Powder metallurgy techniques, in specific the metal injection moulding (MIM) process, have been employed for the fabrication of controlled porous structures used for. 7 Biocompatible 3D Printing Materials Market, By Type (Page No. - 37) 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Polymer 7.3 Metal 7.4 Others . 8 Biocompatible 3D Printing Materials Market, By Form (Page No. - 42) 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Powder 8.3 Liquid 8.4 Others . 9 Biocompatible 3D Printing Materials Market, By Application (Page No. - 48) 9.1 Introductio
Biocompatible 3D Printing Materials Market Biocompatible 3D Printing Materials Market (Product: Polymers, Metals, and Others; Form: Powder, Liquid and Others; and Application: Implant & Prosthesis, Prototyping & Surgical Guides, Tissue Engineering, Hearing Aids, and Others) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2019 - 202 Selective laser melting of biocompatible metals for rapid manufacturing of medical parts Selective laser melting of biocompatible metals for rapid manufacturing of medical parts Ben Vandenbroucke; Jean‐Pierre Kruth 2007-08-07 00:00:00 Purpose - This paper seeks to investigate the possibility of producing medical or dental parts by selective laser melting (SLM) Combined cutaneous therapy using biocompatible metal-organic frameworks. A wide range of active pharmaceutical ingredients targets the skin for therapeutics or cosmetic purposes. Since ancient times, topical delivery has been considered as a route for the delivery of pharmaceuticals. Skin diseases can be treated both by topical and oral medications. As advantage, the topical ones prevent the. Desktop Metal adds elastomeric solutions company to AM portfolio. May 18, 2021. Desktop Metal has acquired elastomeric AM solutions provider Adaptive3D (Courtesy Adaptive3D) Desktop Metal, Inc, Burlington Massachusetts, USA, has further expanded the scope of its Additive Manufacturing holdings with the acquisition of Adaptive3D, a provider of. Desktop Metal's post-SPAC shopping and expansion spree does't seem to be ending soon. After photopolymeric 3D printing leader EnvisionTEC and launching the Forust service for sustainable wood 3D printed products, Ric Fulop's company is now taking over Adaptive3D, a leading provider of elastomeric solutions for additive manufacturing
TriboSys™ biocompatible lubricants are offered in several different viscosity grades to meet your application requirements, with lower viscosity grades ideal for light loads and temperatures and higher viscosity grades ideal for higher temperature and load requirements. Our lubricants offer unmatched friction reduction on metal to metal, metal to plastic, plastic to rubber, and metal to. Abstract: Biocompatible metals have been suggested as revolutionary biomaterials for bone-grafting therapies. Although metals and their alloys are widely and successfully used in producing biomedical implants due to their good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance, they have a lack in bioactivity. T herefore coating of the metal surface with calcium phosphates (CaP) is a benign way to. Biocompatible and biodegradable polymers have emerged during the past decades to promise extraordinary breakthroughs in a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices. Understanding. Therefore, implantable fibers and waveguides in biocompatible formats with versatile functionalities are highly desirable. In this review, we provide an overview of recent progress in the exploration of advanced optical fibers and waveguides for biomedical applications. Specifically, we highlight novel materials design and fabrication strategies to form implantable fibers and waveguides. The metal kinds are usually a mixture of metals that include mercury while others contain more gold and may be made outside of the mouth and then glued in. These could be mistaken as onlay restorations. Plastic fillings are also otherwise known as composite or resin fillings. This white or tooth-colored filling is usually made up of resin and other fillers to get the desired.
National Academy of Sciences. Special collections highlighting noteworthy articles. Colloquium Papers; Commentaries; Core Concepts; Cozzarelli Priz Biocompatible polymers, metals, and composites by M. Szycher, 1983, Technomic Pub. Co. edition, in Englis Dr. Adams preselects materials that are metal free, safe and biocompatible. Every material placed into the mouth has an impact on our system, says Dr. AdamsWe should select the one with the smallest and safest impact possible. Why are Zirconia implants better than titanium? Zirconia implants are tooth colored as opposed to a metal color of all conventional titanium implants. Because titanium and gold by themselves are among the most biocompatible metals and are often used in medical implants, they believed β-Ti 3 Au would be comparable. In fact, tests by the team. Combined Cutaneous Therapy Using Biocompatible Metal-Organic Frameworks . by Seyed Dariush Taherzade. 1,2, †, Sara Rojas. 1,†, Janet Soleimannejad. 2 and . Patricia Horcajada. 1,* 1. Advanced Porous Materials Unit (APMU), IMDEA Energy, Av. Ramón de la Sagra 3, 28935 Móstoles-Madrid, Spain. 2. School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran.
Chemically Tunable, Biocompatible, and Cost-Effective Metal-Insulator-Metal Resonators Using Silk Protein and Ultrathin Silver Films. Hyunsoo Kwon † and ; Sunghwan Kim * † ‡ View Author Information † Department of Energy Systems Research and ‡ Department of Physics, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Republic of Korea *E-mail: [email protected] Cite this: ACS Photonics 2015, 2, 12. Efficient Storage of Drug and Cosmetic Molecules in Biocompatible Metal Organic Frameworks: A Molecular Simulation Study. Ilknur Erucar; Seda Keskin * View Author Information. Koc University, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer 34450, Istanbul, Turkey *E-mail: [email protected]. Cite this: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2016, 55, 7, 1929-1939. Publication Date (Web): February. The development of new bio-based inks is a stringent request for the expansion of additive manufacturing towards the development of 3D-printed biocompatible hydrogels. Herein, methacrylated carboxymethyl cellulose (M-CMC) is investigated as a bio-based photocurable ink for digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing. CMC is chemically modified using methacrylic anhydride Biocompatible Metal (Core)-Layered Double Hydroxide (Shell) Nanoparticles for siRNA Delivery. NSF Org: CBET Div Of Chem, Bioeng, Env, & Transp Sys: Awardee: ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY: Initial Amendment Date: July 11, 2008: Latest Amendment Date: April 26, 2013: Award Number: 0829128: Award Instrument: Standard Grant : Program Manager: Athanassios Sambanis CBET Div Of Chem, Bioeng, Env, & Transp.
Biocompatible Adhesive, Sealant and Potting Compound for Fast Set-Up Time. USP Class VI approved EP41SMed is a low viscosity room temperature curing epoxy system for bonding, sealing and potting. It has a 5 to 1 mix ratio by weight and has an exceptionally fast handling time of 10-15 minutes. EP41SMed has a mixed viscosity of 8-10,000 cps and. Our results show that introduction of biocompatible metal nanoparticles is a suitable means for the improvement of conventional acrylic dental resins. 1. Introduction. To date, up to 95% dental prostheses are composed of Poly(Methyl MethAcrylate) (PMMA), due to its advantages, including its optical properties, biocompatibility, and aesthetics [1, 2]. However, important issues are still to be. 1. Biocompatible glass-metal leadthrough, combining an outer conductor, a biocompatible glass and at least one inner conductor, characterized in that the outer conductor consists of a nickel-free (i.e. having a Ni content of between 0 and 0.3%), stainless, chemically resistant steel (special steel). 2. Glass-metal leadthrough according to Claim 1, characterized in that the inner conductor(s.
• Suitable for metal coordinating compounds, e.g. nucleotides, oligonucleotides • Excellent peak shapes for sensitive compounds • No carry-over effects • Applicable for highly sensitive LC/MS analysis • Same high pressure limits like standard hardware www.ymc.de Biocompatible YMC-Triart Metal-Free Column Hardware Features Specifications *YMC-Triart C18 ExRS, Phenyl, PFP and Diol. The biocompatible 3D printing materials are available in an extensive range of types including, metals, ceramics, polymers, and others. The biocompatible 3D printing materials are used in several applications including, tissue engineering, implants, and prosthetics among others. A skill to build patient specific implants integrated with bioactive drugs, proteins and cells have made 3D printing. In fact, a large surface area, organics and metals are all characteristic of combustion-derived particles and so these have attracted considerable toxicological attention (Donaldson et al 2005). However, it is difficult to untangle, in a combustion particle sample, the relative roles of surface, organics and metals, although this has been most attempted in vitro. The aggregation of multiple. Biocompatible YMC-Triart Metal-Free Column Hardware Features Specifications *YMC-Triart C18 ExRS, Phenyl, PFP and Diol-HILIC are also available in metal-free hardware. Co., Ltd. YMC Karasuma-Gojo Bld. 284 Daigo-cho, Karasuma Nisiiru Gojo-dori Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8106 Japan TEL. +81(0)75-342-4515, FAX +81(0)75-342-4550 www.ymc.co.jp America, Inc. 941 Marcon Boulevard Suite 301 Allentown.
Olsalazine-Based Metal−Organic Frameworks as Biocompatible Platforms for H2 Adsorption and Drug Delivery handful of metal−organic frameworks where a bioactive molecule serves as the sole bridging ligand. These materials include frameworks with iron and nicotinic acid (vitamin B 3), 51 zinc and the antibacterial azelaic acid,52 hafnium and a photosensitizing porphyrin ligand for cancer. Check out our biocompatible metal selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops
Biocompatible glass-metal through-ducts comprised of an outside conductor, a biocompatible glass and at least one inside conductor, with the outside conductor comprising a nickel-free, stainless, chemically resistant steel (high-grade steel), is used in implantable medical hardware and devices Biocompatible Metals . Application spectrum: Biocompatible Dental Materials market Profile of Manufacturers: Analysis of each market player profiled is detailed in this section. This segment. The substrate is a biocompatible metal that is polished to an extremely high level and has an oxide layer. The device is blood contacting and has been comprehensively analyzed and optimized on CFD and in vivo. The existing coating is a two phase system, a hydrophobic block to anchor the coating to the metal and a hydrophilic non-thrombogenic block to prevent thrombosis. Project Details: The.
Flexible, biocompatible, metal alloy catheter . United States Patent 5685306 . Abstract: Cardiovascular and other medical implants fabricated from low-modulus Ti--Nb--Zr alloys to provide enhanced biocompatibility and hemocompatibility. The cardiovascular implants may be surface hardened by oxygen or nitrogen diffusion or by coating with a tightly adherent, hard, wear-resistant, hemocompatible. Biocompatible Metal (Core)-Ceramic (Shell) Nanoparticles for siRNA Delivery. Rege, Kaushal (PI) Dey, Sandwip (CoI) IAFSE-SEMTE: Materials Science and Engineering ; CLAS-NS: Solid State Science, LeRoy Eyring Center for (CSSS) Project: Research project. Overview; Fingerprint; Project Details Description. NSF Grant CBET 0829128 supports an investigation into biocompatible gold nanorod core. Choosing the most biocompatible dental materials when possible, meaning those that are non-toxic and with as little metal as possible. Using ozone-infused water in my home dental care program as a way to help maintain good oral health. Spreading the word about the close links between systemic health and dental health, particularly where heart disease is concerned. Promoting strong mental and. Bücher bei Weltbild: Jetzt Insight into Designing Biocompatible Magnesium Alloys and Composites von Manoj Gupta versandkostenfrei bestellen bei Weltbild, Ihrem Bücher-Spezialisten Biocompatible magnetic nanoparticles. CAM (chick embryo) Chorioallantoic membrane (model) e-MF. External magnetic field. FeO-MNPs. Iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles. FiM. Ferrimagnetic. FiMNPs. Ferrimagnetic nanoparticles. HR-TEM. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy. LDH. Lactate dehydrogenase. MeIs. Metal ions. MeIs-O. Oxide with.